PACS stands for Picture Archiving and communication system is a digital imaging technology which provides convenient access, management, distribution, economical storage and retrieval to images from multiple modalities. It allows healthcare organisations to capture, share, view and images externally or internally as per their convenience. In our previous articles, we explain IoT in Healthcare, Healthcare meets gaming technology, Cloud computing impact on healthcare, Virtual reality changing healthcare etc. Here we are going to explain PACS in Healthcare in detail.
Picture Archiving and communication system reduces the cost of maintaining images on films and allows medical practices to save on film processing equipment, film storage space, supplies and personnel. These generally eliminate the need to manually file, transport or retrieve film jackets because all electronic images and reports are transmitted digitally. Day by day our advanced technology proved to be very efficient and reliable.
Healthcare industry is the growing industry across the world with the advancement in technology. Researchers estimate that the market of PAC will grow to $5.4 billion by 2017 up from $2.8 billion in 2012. In the medical field, radiology department will adopt PACS technology to a large extent and frequently deploy radiology PACS alongside a radiology information system. This system is used to record a patient radiology history and schedule patient appointments where a PACS focuses more on image retrieval and storage.
To treat, diagnose, predict and monitor disease, various healthcare organisation around the world investing in radiology & cardiology PACS. If we don’t know about PACS components then it is difficult to use. So we recommend gathering some information regarding that. Have a look at its major components. Following are:
- A secured network for reliable distribution and transmission of patient information.
- Imaging systems such as CT (Computed Tomography), MRI ( Magnetic Resonance Imaging), X-ray plain film etc.
- Archives for the retrieval and storage of images and relation documentation & reports.
- Mobile devices or workstations for processing, interpreting and viewing images.
PACS in Radiology:
In the healthcare industry, radiology department caseloads increase day by day need to stay advanced with their reporting and reading performance. To become advanced radiology field adopts PACS technology to improve clinics imaging workflows by providing images across departmental boundaries even with the mobile access. Pacs is a computerised means of replacing the roles of conventional radiological film. For frequent, heavy use, supporting users with robust performance, reading tools and intuitive operation PACS is just like a radiology keynote. From routine to a complex environment, syngo.plaza is the smart PACS workhorse used for reporting and reading a large variety of cases.
Images get shared in Pacs:
To deliver images to PACS servers various picture taking medical devices such as ultrasound machines, CT scanners are used which store and distribute images to workstations where they can be viewed. DICOM ( Digital imaging and communication in medicine), developed by the National Electrical manufacturers association is known as the Universal format for PACS image storage and transfer. It allows PACS users to integrate hardware such as printers, scanners, servers and workstations from different providers and reducing the cost of Healthcare. To communicate and speeding the potential for diagnoses and treatment decisions, this standard allows healthcare providers to offer radiology services in multiple sites.
Following uses of Pacs are:
- Radiology personnel use Pac to manage the workflow of the patient.
- For Teleradiology, it enables the practitioners in different physical locations to access the same information simultaneously.
- Replaces hard-copy based means of managing medical images such as film archives.
- It provides electronic image integration platform with another medical automation system such as Electronic Medical Record, Hospital Information System, Radiology information system and practice management software.
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