For health system, an efficient and flexible Hospital information system play a vital role in hospitals. HIS is also known as clinical information system specially designed to manage the clinical, administrative and financial aspects of a hospital. To manage all information related to the patient record and hospital inventory , all hospitals rely on hospital information system software.
Today’s modern information systems typically use computers, each one is connected to each other by an optimised network. In our previous articles, we explain digital imaging & radiology in healthcare, Laboratory information system-LISTree, Emr description, EHR benefits, Telemedicine in healthcare, healthcare transformed by technology etc in detail. Here we are going to explain the importance of hospital information in hospitals in detail.
Hospital Information Management System Description:
Today’s healthcare is very important part of our society & for a healthcare provider to do their job in effective and efficient manner is very challenging. In multi speciality hospitals, lots of patients enter or exit in a day, it’s really challenging to maintain records of all patients manually. To reduce their burden or to manage hospital administration, financial or clinical aspects smart hospital information management system software came into existence.
If you want to implement this system in hospitals then use HISTREE an Enterprise Hospital Information System (HIS) and make your day-to-day operations smooth and provides detailed MIS reports and analytics capabilities enabling you to take critical business decisions.
Integration of HIS:
For an enterprise HIS system, three aspects of integration are required in hospitals due to the existence of a variety of heterogeneous systems. Following are:
(i) Data Integration:
Whenever more systems introduced into a hospital, the main problem is to how to keep an integrated data. To solve this problem, we kept all data in one storage but because of the complexity of systems, it is not effective for large or multi speciality hospitals. For that purpose, we use virtual data centre where all clinical data are distributed & archived in corresponding enterprise systems. The respective data centre stores the linkage information of each data record in different systems. For clinical events, data stored in the actual data centre in the format of 6W1H ( Who, When, Where, toWhom, What, Why, How). For example when a physician makes a report, the information of the physician who makes the report (Who), the patient whom the report belong to (toWhom), the reason of the report (why), time & department of the report(when & where), the event type of the report (what), the report status of editing or creating (How) and the data link of the report are recorded.
(ii) Function Integration:
In hospitals, hospital information systems must operate across a wide variety of institutions like laboratories, pharmacies, community hospitals, tertiary & quaternary care regional medical centres, outpatient clinics etc. To manage operations of all such departments these can be realised as a set of web services on an enterprise basis to implement the function integration. Following of services are:
- Data Registry Service
- Patient Identification (ID) Service
- Healthcare Resource Access control (HRAC) Service
- Order Management Service
(iii) Workflow Integration:
To manage the distributed clinical data in the virtual data centre, data integration is oriented and to provide common functionality for systems in healthcare institutions, function integration is oriented. Beside this what matters is workflow, if it is not maintained congestion will occur. To monitor and manages processes & flow of work between an individual or department, the workflow is integrated into the client-server model. Various standards like HL7 & DICOM have been applied in many systems but for complete integration framework or model is required that guide the system to exchange correct message in correct time.
Selecting and benefits of Hospital information system:
As we know, every healthcare company have their own HIS software, it’s become difficult for the user to choose which one is appropriate for him/her or not. Before selecting hospital information system for hospitals take care of these things:
- Total cost
- Web-based system
- Implementation or support
Benefits of HIS in hospitals:
Following benefits of hospital management information system are:
- Improved clinical care & patient safety
- Quick & coordinated care
- Reduced readmissions
- Reduced waiting times
- Reduced cost.
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