Remote patient monitoring system brings a boom in the healthcare market. It allows the healthcare provider to collect the medical & health data of an individual and transfers it to the clinical staff such as doctors,nurses etc. This system proves to be an asset for various stakeholders of the health care system for chronic disease management at remote locations. In our previous articles, we explain Telemedicine, Artificial Intelligence in healthcare, cloud computing, Iot in healthcare, Hospital information system, healthcare transformed by technology in detail. In this article, we explain patient monitoring system devices, applications etc in detail.
Over 15 to 20 years, the use of remote monitoring system in conjunction with the electronic health record could save the healthcare industry by $700 billion. Have a look at its application, devices etc.
Remote patient monitoring in Healthcare:
Remote patient monitoring technology have greatly change the way of delivering and providing healthcare. With the emerging technologies or connected tools, patients, elders or clinical study participants are not required to visit hospital premises for checkups.It helps in monitoring the patient’s medical conditions and avoid the medical emergencies & hospital readmissions.
Incorporation of RPM in chronic disease management can significantly improve an individual’s quality of life. This technology enables the early detection of deterioration & reducing the number of emergency department visits, hospitalizations & duration of hospital stay. In community and institutional settings, the need or wireless mobility in healthcare facilitates the adoption of remote patient monitoring.
RPM comprises of various technologies depending upon the disease and parameter that are monitored. Each technology follows a general architecture that normally comprises a combination of following components. Following components are:
- Centralized Repository: It stores data sent from healthcare providers, sensors, diagnostic applications & local data storage.
- Sensors: To measure physiological parameters sensors on a device is enabled by wireless communications.
- Local data storage: At the patient site, local data is a store that interfaces between the centralized repository and sensors or healthcare provider.
- Diagnostic Application software: On the analysis of collected data, the software develops the treatment recommendations & alerts.
Applications of Remote Patient Monitoring:
In the healthcare IT market, remote patient monitoring devices had greatly decrease the burden of patients and delivered high quality of care with lower risk. Beyond the patient interface, the technology platform is being enhanced in every corner and solve all medical related problem of the patient at remote locations. The most widespread and promising application of patient monitoring devices are:
(i) Maintain diabetes:
For controlling diabetes, the patient has to take care of its blood pressure, blood glucose, weight etc. For this purpose, these monitoring devices facilitate the real-time delivery of blood pressure & blood glucose level & alerts healthcare provider to treat when needed.
(ii) Reduces Risk of Heart failures:
Due to hectic lifestyle, lots of people are suffering from heart devices. To reduce the risk of heart failure, technology has brought devices like cardiac resynchronization therapy, pacemakers etc in the market which indicates that RPM improves the quality of life, decreases mortality rate and shortens the duration of stay in hospitals.
(iii) Prevent Dementia and Falls:
When we are growing old, we are at a risk of dementia and falls. To prevent these risks, remote monitoring technology prevents harm & promote safety through continuous surveillance. Different types of sensors are attached to the mobility devices such as walkers and canes of the patient which indicate alert in case of fall & lost. To locate or track elders, GPS or wifi or radio frequency technologies are used.
A Recent study proves that a six-month remote monitoring program had the same pregnancy rate as a cycle of IVF (In-Vitro Fertilization). Remote patient monitoring service & product used for Infertility treatment had a cost of $800 compared to IVF treatment cycle cost of $15000 shows 95% of the reduction in the cost of care.
Remote patient Monitoring Benefits:
With the increasing demand, most of the countries adopt this technology and use devices to provide quality of care to patients. Following of benefits of remote patient monitoring for patient & providers are:
- Timely & Proper treatment at an early stage.
- Multiple doctors can evaluate the condition from the remote locations.
- Proximity to home and community.
- Reduced travel and wait time.
- Rapid diagnosis & fast intervention by the doctor.
- Real-time visualization of patient health and medical parameters.
- Increase operational efficiency, planning & compliance.
- Live streaming of patient data even in 2G network.
- Reduces the workload, clinical productivity solution.
- Save Time & Resources.
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